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Контрольная работа 1

I. Выберите предложения, в которых причастие выполняет функцию определения, определите форму причастия и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Much of data collected will be fed into machines and computers during the coming months.

2. While working with a map, make sure that you know whether your map is marked in feet or in meters.

3. The electric current passing through a wire will heat that wire.

4. Electrons being negative move from lower to higher potential, that is, more negative to less negative.

5. It must be borne in mind when working on transmitters that very dangerous voltages will exist.

6. The latest calculations sent for arrived just in time.

7. Comparing these preliminary estimates we arrive at the following conclusion.

8. The new instrument being developed at this plant will be tested in two weeks.

9.The basic circuit of the device having been built by us is described in detail in this article.

 

II. Выберите предложения, в которых причастие выполняет функцию обстоятельства, определите форму причастия и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Having been tested, the new apparatus was recommended for work in the laboratories.

2. When first exhibited at the exposition, the telephone attracted very little attention and was even ridiculed.

3. Being designed by a talented scientific worker, the device was a success.

4. Having selected the message type, the operator must inform the scanner that a message, is ready.

5. Every conducting circuit has a certain property called its electric resistance.

6. The experiments were conducted in the orbital module with control panel located in the new cabin.

7. When describing standard telephones we say that additional microphone position can of-course be arranged if required.

8. Having been given all the instructions, the engineer started his work at once taking into account all the points of the received instruction.

 

III. Подчеркните «независимый причастный оборот», определите форму причастия и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. The speed being higher, the degree of calculation increases.

2. The code output of the computer is fed to a set of electromagnets, each pair of output

wires connected to a separate magnet.

3. The question being too difficult, no one could answer it.

4. Everything being ready, we sat down to dinner.

5. The notes being written in German, we could not understand them.

6. The man having returned back after twenty years absence, they asked me to accompany him in his walks about the town.

7. The rain having passed, we went to have a little stroll in the garden.

8. Weather permitting, we shall start tomorrow.

9. Though Polzunov’s engine had been tested in operation and showed good results, it was disassembled and soon forgotten, its inventor having died in poverty.

10. Galsworthy presented the story of the Forsyte family in two trilogies, each consisting of three novels.

11. Shakespeare’s first original play written in about 1590 was King Henry YI, the first part having been written earlier.

 

IV. Определите функцию слов с суффиксом – ed в следующих предложениях и переведите их на русский язык:

1. One day they landed on a beautiful island covered with fruit trees.

2. The plant equipped with modern machinery overfulfilled its plan every month.

3. He attended the circle organized by one of the well-known artists.

4. A short, well dressed gentleman arrived at the hotel and occupied the best room.

5. I followed him to the top of a stair and there right under the roof were a couple of empty and dusty little rooms uncarpeted and uncurtained.

6. Dissatisfied with the system of higher education and pressed by financial difficulties, Jack London wanted to give up his studies.

 
Контрольная работа 2

I. Укажите, по каким признакам "ing-form" определяется как герундий, и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. The process of solving a problem by analogy may often give good results.

2. The technician succeeded in developing several projects every year.

3. Our research group finished recording the results of the experiments.

4. Let us begin by examining what is done by each student.

5. We have now finished programming the computer for the experiment.

6. Distinguishing between cause and effect is sometimes very difficult.

7. A good scientist enjoys solving difficult problems.

8. In planning a series of experiments, the scientific worker ought to be aware of the general nature of the problem under investigation.

9. Maintaining apparatus in good condition helps students to make experiments well.

 

II. Выберите предложения, в которых встречается: 1) герундий; 2) причастие, и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Numbers can be multiplied by repeated addition, by adding and shifting or by using multiplication tables.

2. A steam engine uses steam made by the fuel having been burnt outside the engine.

3. Most of nuclear reactors are installations usually consisting of the following elementary parts.

4. The next question of the discussion is making a programme for the computer.

5. Of course we are limited today by computer size and especially by our understanding of what we try to model.

6. Adding numbers is the easiest in the system of calculation.

7. A new computer will be used for all types of data, processing and scientific data handling.

8. Having made a great number of experiments with different devices the research group chose the best one for practical work.

9. Having more input units reduces the number of sorting passes but increases the number of computers comparisons and other operations on each pass.

10. New technical developments have occurred for processing educational data and for organizing instructional material in the classroom.

 

III. Подчеркните сложные герундиальные обороты и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык:

1. We heard of different experiments having been carried out by our students.

2. Computers being used for solving many business problems makes its use almost boundless.

3. We know of the computer center being equipped with most up-to-date means of computation.

4. His having developed a very complicated piece of apparatus made him well-known among the scientists of his country.

5. They insisted on the experiment being made to study single stars in detail.

6. The article informed us of the first in-space exchange of crews between Soyuz 2 and 3 having taken place in January 1969.

7. It is reported of the spacecraft including a 40-watt primary transmitter, a receiver and two directional parabolic antennas.

8. It is known of their working at the problem under discussion.

Пример решения:

  1. Выберите предложения, в которых причастие выполняет функцию определения, определите форму причастия и переведите предложения на русский язык.
  1. Much of data collected will be fed into machines and computers during the coming months.
  2. While working with a map, make sure that you know whether your map is marked in feet or in meters.
  3. The electric current passing through a wire will heat that wire.
  4. Electrons being negative move from lower to higher potential, that is, more negative to less negative.
  5. It must be borne in mind when working on transmitters that very dangerous voltages will exist.
  6. The latest calculations sent for arrived just in time.
  7. Comparing these preliminary estimates we arrive at the following conclusion.
  8. The new instrument being developed at this plant will be tested in two weeks.
  9. The basic circuit of the device having been built by us is described in detail in this article.

Ответ:

  1. Much of data collected will be fed into machines and computers during the coming months. – Большая часть собранных данных будет вводиться в машины и компьютеры в течение ближайших месяцев.

collected - Participle II, Passive; coming - Participle I Simple, Active.

  1. The electric current passing through a wire will heat that wire. – Электрический ток, проходящий через провод, будет нагревать этот провод.

passing - Participle I Simple, Active.

  1. The latest calculations sent for arrived just in time. – Последние заказанные расчеты прибыли как раз вовремя.

sent for - Participle II, Passive.

  1. The new instrument being developed at this plant will be tested in two weeks. – Новый инструмент, который разрабатывают на этом заводе, будет протестирован через две недели.

being developed - Participle I Simple, Passive.

  1. The basic circuit of the device having been built by us is described in detail in this article. – Базовая схема устройства, созданного нами, детально описана в этой статье.

having been built - Participle I Perfect, Passive.

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