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Задание 1. Прочтите текст и переведите па русский язык.

About Pharmacy

              A pharmacy (commonly the chemist in Australia, New Zealand and the UK; or drugstore in North America; retail pharmacy in industry terminology; or Apothecary, historically) is the place where most pharmacists practice the profession of pharmacy. It is the community pharmacy where the dichotomy of the profession exists health professionals who are also retailers.

              Community pharmacies usually consist of a retail storefront with a dispensary where medications are stored and dispensed. According to Sharif Kaf al-Ghazal, the opening of the first drugstores is re­corded by Muslim pharmacists in Baghdad in 754.

              In most countries, the dispensary is subject to pharmacy legislation; with requirements for storage conditions, compulsory texts, equipment, etc., specified in legislation. Where it was once the case that pharmacists stayed within the dispensary compounding/ dispensing medications, there has been an increasing trend towards the use of trained pharmacy technicians while the pharmacist spends more time communicating with patients. Pharmacy technicians are now more dependent upon automa­tion to assist them in their new role dealing with patients' prescriptions and patient safety issues.

               Pharmacies are typically required to have a pharmacist on-duty at all times when open. It is also often a requirement that the owner of a pharmacy must be a registered pharmacist although this is not the case in all jurisdictions, such that many retailers (including supermarkets and mass merchandisers) now include a pharmacy as a department of their store.

Задание 2. Дайте ответы на английском языке.

  1. What is pharmacy?
  1. Are pharmacists health professionals as well as retailers?
  1. What do usually pharmacies consist of?
  1. When was the first pharmacy opened?
  1. What is the dispensary?
  1. What is pharmacist on-duty?
  1. What are the requirements of a pharmacist?

Задание 3. Дайте эквиваленты следующих слов на англий­ском языке.

  • аптека – 
  • промышленная терминология - 
  • существовать –
  • про­давец розничной торговли – 
  • общественный -
  • хранится –
  • в соответ­ствии – 
  • открытие -
  • записать –
  • законность – 
  • составление лекарств - 
  • обучать – 
  • предписание - 
  • требовать – 
  • отдел - 
  • магазин – 

Задание 4. Перепишите предложения. Найдите герундий и причастие. Определите функцию. Переведите предложения.

  1. The reactions often result in new molecules being formed.
  1. While burning, magnesium emits large quantities of ultravio­let rays and   
  1. Phosphates are widely distributed in the body, the largest amounts being in the bones and teeth.
  1. Adding a little neodymium metal to magnesium alloys greatly strengthens them.
  1. The number of electrons revolving around the nucleus of an atom is equal to its atomic number.

 

Задание 5. Перепишите предложения. Переведите, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

  1. The formula of a compound being known, we can calculate its molecular weight.
  1. Phosphorus dissolves in alcohol, ether, benzene and carbon disulphide, the best solvent being the latter.
  1. Hydrogen burns in air with almost colourless flame, water be­ing produced.
  1. Oxygen combines with most elements, the product formed be­ing called an oxide.
  1. Never handle phosphorus with bare hands, the heat of the body being sufficient to ignite it.

 

Задание 6. Перепишите предложения. Найдите герундиаль­ный оборот. Переведите предложения.

  1. Selenic acid is similar to sulphuric acid, but it differs from the latter in being less stable.
  1. Their having overheated the gas changed the results of the ex­periment.
  1. The Curies’ having discovered radium gave them the possibil­ity of discovering other radioactive elements.
  1. The investigator mentioned his having tested this material for strength.
  1. We all know of sodium and potassium tarnishing rapidly in the air.



Пример выполнения:

Задание 3. Дайте эквиваленты следующих слов на англий­ском языке.

  • аптека – pharmacy; the chemist; retail pharmacy; Apothecary
  • промышленная терминология - industry terminology
  • существовать – to exist
  • про­давец розничной торговли – retailer
  • общественный - community
  • хранится – to store
  • в соответ­ствии – according to
  • открытие - opening
  • записать – to record
  • законность – legislation; legality, lawfulness, legitimacy
  • составление лекарств - compounding
  • обучать – to train
  • предписание - prescription
  • требовать – to require
  • отдел - department

4 стр.