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  1. Переведите интернациональные слова на русский язык. Значение выделенного слова, уточните по словарю.

inspection –

design –

ionized gas –

base metal –

chemical –

compositor

composition –

specified –

ionic –

energy –

 

  1. Проанализируйте слова с различными суффиксами и разделите их на четыре группы: существительные, прилагательные, глаголы, наречия. Выделите суффиксы и переведите

Separation, simply, measurement, important, concentrate, importance, largely, invader, influence, national, business, continuous, central, successful, changeable, changeless, completely, lighten, worthy, decision, intensify, easily,  specialist, population, characterize, widely, reading, periodic, active, university

Nouns - существительные

Adjectives - прилагательные

Verb

глаголы

Adverbs

наречия

population

население

 

natural

натуральный

 

electrify

электрифицировать

 

carefully

тщательно

 

 

  1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на многозначность выделенного слова.
  1. What did they call the baby?
  2. He called at my house.
  3. The chief called me to his office.
  4. Who is calling?
  5. He called a press conference.

 

  1. Определите, какими частями речи являются выделенные слова, принимая во внимание их место в предложении и формальные признаки. Предложения переведите.
  1. We can change ( ) water into steam by heating.
  2. The change ( ) of the substance state takes place in heating.
  3. The percentage of chromium in high-alloyed steels amounts ( ) from 10 to 20.
  4. Until recently all amount ( ) of pure molybdenum was found as powder.
  5. It is only within the last ( ) century or two that the knowledge of the properties of metals made it possible to apply them for industrial purposes.
  6. The processes of solidification can last ( ) several hours.

 

  1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на глаголы с послелогами.
  1. The tourists went about
  2. The wind is going down.
  3. The boys went for one another.
  4. The bomb has gone off.
  5. Go on reading, please.
  6. The lights went out.

 

  1. Переведите сочетания слов, обращая внимание на перевод существительных в функции определения
  1. steam engine invention -
  2. land transport improvement problem -
  3. pressure gas -
  4. engine capacity calculation problem -
  5. current events -
  6. a flight control center -
  7. budget increase -
  8. freedom fighter -
  9. the oil industry development -
  10. the steel surface corrosion -

 

  1. Подчеркните в предложениях сказуемое, содержащее модальный глагол или его эквивалент и переведите предложения на русский язык
  1. Our team must assemble the device.
  2. The workers of this plant are to increase the productivity of labour.
  3. Planes couldn’t fly without information about the weather.
  4. For many centuries the scientists were unable to discover the secret of the atom.
  5. Without electricity man had to work only during day light hours.
  6. Scientists are to begin their experiments only after careful collecting all necessary data.

 

  1. Подчеркните в предложениях глагол-сказуемое, определите его видовременную форму и залог. Предложения переведите.
  1. I was working in the library the whole day yesterday.
  2. They were invited to visit a new plant.
  3. The apparatus will be working when you come.
  4. All the questions had been discussed when you came.
  5. Tsiolkovsky devoted his whole life to the development of Russian science.
  6. By the end of the year the production of polymers will have been increased considerably.
  7. By the beginning of the nineteenth century physicists had already been able to produce powerful “artificial” magnets.
  8. Recently two new telephone centres have been opened in Moscow.
  9. The information from space comes to the Earth in a coded form.
  10. Interesting and important researches are done all over the world.

 

  1. Прочитайте текст и выполните следующие за ним задания.

Basic Engineering Processes

The processing of metals is considered to be the most important part of fabricating a wide range of products, such as the tiniest parts used in electronics, electrical and radio engineering, watch-making, all kinds of measuring devices, etc., on the one hand, and gigantic parts for turbines, engines, machine-tools and even whole sections of machines to produce machinery, on the other hand.

Metal processing is known to involve the following major techniques: casting, forming, machining, joining and heat treatment.

Casting may be briefly described as shaping by means of transforming the metal from the liquid to solid state in specially designed moulds. Some castings are used as they come from the mould, others require machining and finishing operations.

Forming, contrary to casting, is shaping metals in the solid state, which is possible due to the peculiar property most metals possess, called “ductility”. Forming includes rolling, forging, stamping and pressing.

Machining is removing the excess metal from cast, rolled or forged parts in order to obtain a desired shape. To achieve the desired result various kinds of machine-tools are employed. The most important machine-tools include the milling, boring and grinding machines and the lathe, which is one of the most widely used production machines.

Joining includes welding, soldering, brazing and riverting which are used for attaching one surface to another.

Heat treatment is used to improve the properties of metals by controlled temperature changes. It is possible to impart the metal high mechanical properties required for the operation of modern machinery and tools. There are four major groups of heat treatment, namely: hardening, annealing, tempering and normalizing.

The knowledge of all fabricating processes is believed to be necessary for a processing engineer, in order to choose the most suitable and economical technique.

 

  1. Выпишите из текста 10 интернациональных слов и переведите их.
  2. Выпишите из текста 5 существительных, 5 прилагательных и 4 наречия образованных с помощью словообразовательных суффиксов.
  3. Выпишите из текста 1 словосочетание модальный глагол или его эквивалент + инфинитив.
  4. Подчеркните в тексте 5 сказуемых в страдательном залоге.
  5. Ответьте на следующие вопросы, опираясь на текст.
  6. What technique is used to shape metals in the liquid form?
  7. What technique is used to shape metals in the solid form?
  8. What kinds of machine-tools are generally employed?
  9. What technique is used to impart metals and alloys desired properties?
  10. What do we call a specialist who studies the properties of engineering materials and the existing fabricating processes?
  11. Выполните перевод текста.